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Blaze suffers from a condition called Severe Bilateral Hydronephrosis.
 
So What Is It?
 
Hydronephrosis is a condition in which one or both of your kidneys become stretched and swollen. This is usually because:
  • there is a blockage somewhere in your urinary system (along the urine flow path), which is the usual cause, or
  • urine is flowing from the bladder back to the kidneys
 
Blaze has it in both kidneys therefore it is called bilateral.
 
Hydronephrosis can affect anyone at any age-but as in Blaze's case-is being diagnosed in ultrasound scans of unborn babies-now given to all pregnant women.
Please click on any of the pictures to enlarge them.
grades of VUR
Blaze also has VUR-which stands for Vesicoureteral Reflux. This is the abnormal movement of urine from the Bladder to the Kidneys. In a normal Kidney this means urine travels from the kidney to the bladder via the ureter-in a case of VUR this process is reversed-allowing urine to flow back into the kidney.
The diagram above shows the range from Grade I to V in which the higher the grade the worse the VUR is and the baggier the ureter becomes-this is a condition called HYDROURETER.
Blaze has Grade V meaning he has the highest level-and this teamed with the hydronephrosis and having it in both kidneys makes his condition very complicated.
This picture shows a normal kidney and how it should look and the varying degrees of hydronephrosis. From Normal-Mild-Moderate and then Severe-Blaze suffers the severe level.
 
types of hydronephrosis
 
 
 
How Common is this Condition?
 
  • Around 1 person in every 300 has unilateral hydronephrosis-in 1 kidney.
 
  • 1 in every 600 has bilateral-in both kidneys.